24 | 07 | 2017
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R&D 2012/2013

The Research and Development Program

 

The CAIAG Research and Development Program for the period 2012-2013 (R&D PROG 12/13), developed by the not yet complete staff of the institute is focusing on four priority themes, which are fundamental for the Central Asian region:

 

I. Geodynamics and geo-hazards;

II. Climate and water;

III. Information and monitoring systems;

IV. Capacity Development.

 

The main goals of CAIAG activities under these four themes will be:

 

1) Scientific research and further development of own scientific expertise

2) Scientific service offers for the scientific community in close national and international cooperation

3) High quality scientific-technical service offers for the public sector on national and international level

 

The CAIAG research activities will focus on those processes in System Earth which will have the highest impact on the developing society in the Central Asian region as there are:

 

  • Earthquake Hazard and Risk
  • Landslide Hazard and Risk
  • Glaciology and related questions of water supply in Central Asia
  • Climate
  • Water

 

The focus of the research activities at CAIAG aims to contribute to a better understanding of the interrelations and interface processes between the above mentioned research topics and processes. Therefore it will be important to follow a multi-process (multi hazard) approach for the Central Asian region resulting in a multi-risk approach for Central Asia and based on this to develop a sustainable adaption strategy to a changing world in terms of changing environment, changing society and new challenges due to an increasing grow of population and globalization. Besides these general goals it is of utmost importance to have an independent unit with geoscientific expertise especially for the consulting of the public and political sector for planned geotechnical projects in the Central Asian region like the establishment of big hydro-electrical power plants, dams, traffic infrastructure or the earthquake resistant building of strategic important infrastructures like hospitals, schools, official buildings, etc. An important and central part of the research in the above mentioned fields is the long-term operation and delivery of scientific services for the scientific community but also for the public, i.e.

  • Operation and long-term maintenance of sensor networks for the monitoring of processes in the Earth System. This includes seismic, geodetic, geo-electric and hydro-meteorological sensor networks all over Central Asia and the integration of these networks into global systems. In addition the integration of relevant satellite data and information like high resolution satellite images, radar data or interferometric data will play a more and more increasing role in the broadscale and area covering monitoring of the environment and geological processes.
  • Operation of an overarching Geodata- and Informationsystem for an open access offer of relevant data, maps and decision-relevant information.
  • Consulting services for politics and the public

 

The monitoring activities aim to extend and operate a real-time data acquisition system with the ultimate goal to establish a Rapid Response and/or Early Warning System for any type of Hazards like Earthquakes, landslides, hydro-meteorological hazards or man-made impacts to the environment. An important step in these activities will be the preparation and establishment of operation procedures for disaster management but also the development of preparedness measures together with politics and the respective organizations in Central Asia. This will be performed under strong envolvement of the Capacity Development unit at CAIAG. The projects proposed to be carried out during the next 2 years, are primarily concerned with the acquisition of basic observational data and the performance of scientific research activities in three key areas of the Kyrgyz territory. These are:

  • the region of the Talas-Fergana and Chichkan fault system with the close-by Toktogul water reservoir, an important water supplier for the irrigation of Fergana valley and Aral Sea.
  • the region of the Sary-Dshaz river basin and the adjacent Inylchek and Abramovich glacier, constituting one of the largest fresh water and hydropower resource in the area and
  • the vicinity of the Issyk-Kul lake and the Bishkek city, constituting sensitive areas for earthquake hazard mitigation efforts.

All three areas are of critical importance for investigations on the probability of the occurrence of both natural and natural-technogenic disasters and are also of crucial importance for the adequate water supply of Kyrgyzstan and of adjacent regions in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and the Xinjiang province, for the planning of large scale geotechnical projects in the region, such as hydroelectric power station cascades, high voltage power lines, water storage reservoirs and intrastate railway and road systems, project plans with great impact on the socio-economic development of the Central Asian countries and on the living conditions and physical well-being of their population. The CAIAG R&D Programme 12/13, as presented in this document, is considered to complement a number of projects being carried out in the „Global Change Observatory - Central Asia initiative, launched by GFZ Potsdam and a number of German and international partner groups. A close coordination and joint execution of similar research and observation plans in both programs will be indispensable and a subject of permanent joint discussions.


Network of monitoring stations

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